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Teacher Salary Information - Canada

In six of the provinces and the two territories, basic salary scales and fringe benefits are established through negotiations between the teachers' association and representatives of the government. In some cases, supplementary negotiations take place at the school board level concerning additional fringe benefits and conditions of work. In British Columbia, Alberta, Manitoba and Ontario, all negotiations take place at the local or regional level.

Salary schedules in Canada are generally based on a combination of years of post-secondary education and years of experience, with additional allowances being paid to teachers with administrative responsibilities. Table 2 indicates the minimum and maximum salaries payable to teachers with degrees in 1996-97 under the provincial and territorial agreements and for representative centres where negotiations are conducted locally. Lower salaries than those shown are paid to teachers without degrees, and higher salaries to teachers with advanced special and graduate training.

Fringe benefits provided for in collective agreements may, but do not necessarily, include the following:

  • compassionate leave
  • supplementary medical insurance
  • cumulative sick leave
  • longterm disability insurance
  • maternity leave
  • retirement gratuities
  • sabbatical and study leave
  • life insurance
  • dental insurance

General Social Security

As citizens of Canada, teachers are required to participate in the social security programs of the federal government. These include Unemployment Insurance and the Canada/Quebec Pension Plan. The Unemployment Insurance plan provides benefits to persons who are unemployed through maternity or illness, as well as through general unavailability of suitable work. The Canada/Quebec Pension Plan provides a basic minimum retirement allowance and, in addition, some disability and survivors' benefits.

Teachers also participate in the provincial hospital and medical insurance plans. The costs of these plans are shared by the federal and provincial governments. The plans cover the basic expenses of hospital accommodation and physicians' services. Details of coverage vary from province to province.

Table 2. Minimum and Maximum Salaries* for Teachers with Degree Standing or Equivalent*

Province Agreement Year Category Min. Max. Steps
B.C. Vancouver 1999-00
Cat. 4 35,409 50,943 10
Alta. Edmonton 1999-00 Cat. 4 34,184 57,363 12
Sask. Provincial 1999 Class IV 30,588 50,118 11
Man. Winnipeg 1998
Class IV 33,366 51,130 10
Ont. Metro Toronto  Elem. 1999-00 A1
Que. Provincial 1998
16 30,222 45,392 15
N.B. Provincial 1999-00
Cert. IV 29,562 45,715 11
N.S. Provincial 1999
T.C. 5 31,135 49,735 11
P.E.I. Provincial 1999-00 Cert. 4 26,958 41,646 11
Nfld. Provincial 1999-00
Cert. IV 26,487 36,224 8
N.W.T. Territorial 1998-99 Level 5 46,226 63,943 11
Yukon Territorial 1999-00
Cat. 4 44,164 64,964 11

* Grade 12 plus 4 years post-secondary education

Courtesy of the Canadian Teachers Federation

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